Alexander White brought the dog to Whit Boykin and, as they say, the rest is history. You can use it to reduce out of pocket expenses and you might even hit a few bonuses for signing up early on. Genetic illnesses may be found in any purebred dog, and this includes the Boykin Spaniel. They are known to be very smart and love to show it off, showcasing new learned tricks and doing just about anything to capture the eye of their pawrents. According to statistics developed and maintained by the Orthopedic Foundation for Animals (OFA) since 1985, adult Boykin Spaniels have an alarmingly high incidence rate (> 30%) of hip dysplasia, although the rate is declining in the past 7 years due to the emphasis placed by the Boykin Spaniel Foundation. They have a cheerful, friendly, inquisitive personality. As a friendly reminder, nail trimming and ear cleaning should occur at least once a month to keep up with your Boykins hygienic needs. Brown. The Boykin Spaniel is a medium-sized dog built to flush and retrieve over all types of ground conditions with agility and reasonable speed. Boykin spaniels are considered to be pretty quiet, and only alert to potential threats. This breed stands from 14 to 17 inches and weighs around 25 to 40 pounds. For a long time, it was also the only place youd find the Boykin Spaniel. Consider washing with care to avoid any tangles or snags on the breeds curl-prone coat, and take the time to brush them at least once a week to keep shedding at bay. The first Boykin spaniel, or the precursor of today's breed, was reportedly a small, stray spaniel type dog that befriended a banker walking from his home to the First Presbyterian Church in Spartanburg, South Carolina around 1905-1910. This important step can help you to get ahead of any possible medical issues and get your pet the strongest start yet. The Boykin Spaniel was recognized by the United Kennel Club in 1985. This breed will always be waiting for their next command. This mellow housedog and tenacious bird dog was once South Carolinas best-kept secret. Litter Size. The dogs had to be small enough to ride in the small boats used by hunters in the swamps. The jaws are long and strong. Good Boykin Spaniel breeders health test both parents for genetic conditions they might be prone too. As with all dog breeds, there are some health conditions to watch out for when you are looking for a Boykin Spaniel puppy. It is only slightly larger than the English Cocker Spaniel, but much heavier through the body width. They can sometimes be described as energetic with great endurance. ", The secret? 10 Popular Dog Breeds From the United States, Clumber Spaniel: Dog Breed Characteristics & Care, English Cocker Spaniel: Dog Breed Characteristics & Care, Sussex Spaniel: Dog Breed Characteristics & Care, 10 Best Dog Breeds for Swimming and Water Activities, Otterhound: Dog Breed Characteristics & Care, English Toy Spaniel: Dog Breed Characteristics & Care, Brittany: Dog Breed Characteristics & Care, Cavapoo: Dog Breed Characteristics & Care. We would love to hear from you in the comments below! The large, feathery ears hang close to the cheeks, setting off an expression of soulful intelligence. Due to the textured nature of Boykin fur, these pups can pick up quite a bit of dirt and grime. Additionally, she served a year as an AmeriCorps VISTA volunteer in Bridgewater, MA, coordinating volunteers for a therapeutic recreational facility. Breed Predispositions to Disease In Dogs and Cats, Longevity and Mortality of Dogs Owned In England, Analysis of Dog Bites In Children Who Are Younger Than 17 Years, Prevalence and Genetics of Patellar Luxation in Kooiker Dogs, Clinical and Genetic Assessments of Hip Joint Laxity in the Boykin Spaniel, Breed Relationships Facilitate Fine-Mapping Studies: A 7.8-kb Deletion Cosegregates with Collie Eye Anomaly Across Multiple Dog Breeds, Dog Wellness: Great Tips To Help Your Dog Stay Happy And Healthy, Old Beagle: What You Need To Know As Your Dog Ages, Miniature Poodle Traits, Care and Personality, These dogs are calm and intelligent, with a lovely temperament, Boykins usually get along really well with children, if well socialized, This breed is affectionate, so great for people who want a loving dog, Boykin Spaniels take well to positive reward training, This dog requires lots of exercise, so wont suit families that cant get out for some vigorous exercise every day, Wont make a great watch dogs for families that are looking for that, Suffers from some serious health issues, including hip dysplasia. A year later, the Boykin Spaniel Foundation did another test for Degenerative Myelopathy which causes the dog to develop gradual, fatal deterioration of the spinal cord and results in death. The Boykin Spaniel is a versatile hunter, working as a retriever and upland hunter, flushing birds into flight. Like any dog, they will need to be potty trained. He is a born hunter, but also makes a lively, friendly companion in the home. { The female is 14 to 16 inches and the male is 15 to 18 inches. The Boykin spaniel is a sturdy but agile dog of medium build. If youre in the market for a more flexible option, however, we recommend a pet savings account. The Boykin Spaniel is the state dog of South Carolina. They will love a chew toy to keep them busy. They tend to be mellow and merry when they are at home and intensely hardworking and focused when out in the field working as a bird dog. The Cocker Spaniel has origins from both Spain and the U.K. and is a popular dog breed with a jovial and sweet personality. Boykin Spaniels have adorably floppy, feathery, long, flat ears. From 2014-2017, Nicole worked for ZPZ Productions. But, for the right family, the Boykin can make a great dog. Going to a reputable breeder can help to keep the rate of hip dysplasia low. They even have the capacity to perform in formal showings and competitions! This disease causes malformation of eye components and impaired vision. However, they can be genetically predisposed to certain health problems. High-quality dog food is a great way to support your Boykins health, ensuring that they have enough protein, healthy fat and carbs to sustain them without the fillers and chemicals found in lower quality options. They are a bit larger than a Cocker Spaniel and smaller than a Springer Spaniel. Here's what to know about labrador retrievers if you're considering adding one to your family. Brush Boykins once a week and increase during shedding seasons. ", The tail of these dogs is traditionally docked at the age of 3 days, leaving 1/3 length. We do want to note that Boykins in the puppy phases or those with health conditions may eat more or less than the approximate amount above. When choosing a Boykin breeder, its imperative to ask for DNA tests that certify health. Before rescuing a Boykin Spaniel, you need to consider a few things. The Boykin Spaniel Poodle mix is a designer dog that combines the working qualities, intelligence, and loving personality of two historical sporting dogs. The Boykin Spaniel is a playful pet. Read more. They do not get easily angered and tend to be eager and love attention. Boykin spaniels are relatively low maintenance dogs. Our Dogs undergo all of the Boykin Spaniel Society's recommended Genetic testing to ensure our puppies are healthy and thriving when . Its important to keep their nails from growing too long as they can cause pain and discomfort during movement if they are not maintained properly. By signing up for email newsletters, you agree to GearJunkie's, Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window), Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window), Click to email a link to a friend (Opens in new window). Many Boykins also enjoy mentally stimulating activities like nose work, agility sports, and obedience training. Its up to us to refine that innate behavior. "acceptedAnswer": { Seek breed-specific rescues and visit your local shelter to adopt a Boykin Spaniel in need of a forever home. "text": "Yes, your Boykin is likely to shed due to their thick double-coat. They love attention and get along well with children and other dogs. They are even effective in deer driving or in tracking wounded deer. Because they love to please their caregivers, youre unlikely to face a lot of resistance when training your Boykin. Yes, your Boykin is likely to shed due to their thick double-coat. According to statistics developed and maintained by the Orthopedic Foundation for Animals since 1985, adult Boykin Spaniels suffer from an alarmingly high rate if hip dysplasia. History, Care Tips, and Helpful Information for Pet Owners. Laura Mueller is a well-regarded animal rescue expert and writer with nearly a decade of experience in animal advocacy. Boykins have often been described as "the dog that doesn't rock the boat." The Boykin Spaniel is an obedient breed that is eager to please. The best vitamins and supplements for senior dogs, 8 experts share their best dog training tips, Here's how to give special dogs a special home, The best pet insurance companies reviewed, 10 ways to encourage your cat to drink water, The cost of a cat, from adoption to emergencies, Cavalier King Charles spaniel: Dog breed characteristics & care, Cocker spaniel: Dog breed characteristics & care, Shih tzu history: A fascinating timeline of the breed, Nova Scotia duck tolling retriever: Dog breed characteristics & care. Of course, this breed isnt for everyone. Hunters also used sections as one-man boats just large enough for one person and a compact retriever. Sign up to receive GearJunkie content direct to your inbox. The breeds hallmark is a beautiful solid-brown coat. In fact, it was such a beloved breed that it became the official dog of South Carolina, long before it gained official AKC recognition! Because of its background in hunting, this breed is best suited for owners that can spend plenty of time with their dog and bring it along for outdoor activities.A loyal companion with an affectionate temperament, Boykin Spaniels are a great choice for active families with children. These include hip and elbow dysplasia, knee subluxation, eye issues, and exercise-induced collapse. The Boykin Spaniel is a medium-sized dog built to flush and retrieve over all types of ground conditions with agility and reasonable speed. To maintain its ideal sleek and athletic frame, be careful not to overfeed your dog. Average $700 - $1200 USD. Weve left some links to rescue societies at the end of this article so you can get started on your search. This breed excels in sporting tasks like hunting, swimming, and water retrieving. They're prone to develop separation anxiety when they feel lonely, which can lead to bad habits like barking or chewing household items. With the right training, they can retrieve any bird, from doves to larger geese. The Boykin is not going to cover a field at long distances like a pointer. From River Valley Doodles, Jada's 2013. The coat has a medium length outer coat that can range from flat to slightly wavy, which protects from the elements and repels water; and a short, dense undercoat for insulation. If you found any image copyrighted to yours, Please contact us, so we can remove it. Gradually, word started to spread about their hunting ability and sweet nature. Field types are often shaved down and should not be penalized as long as it is of appropriate length to protect the skin. With medium-length fur that's not prone to matting or tangles, grooming your Boykin Spaniel is relatively simple. DNA testing of these three diseases can identify genetic carriers and at-risk individuals. The breed also has a susceptibility toward inherited heart disease, eye disease, and patella luxation. Characteristics, care tips, and other helpful information for Nova Scotia duck tolling retriever owners, Sign up for the best pet advice you can get, Clipping the coat regularly is recommended especially if the dog is in the field, as the soft coat collects foxtails and briars. Because there are a variety of breeds that make up the ancestry of this dog breed, there is some variance in the coat. The Boykin Spaniel is a true "all-American" dog breed. As a hunting dog, this miniature hound packs a serious punch of fun, grit, and rabbit-ready action. The coat color comes in liver or chocolate (shades of brown). While they can be demanding as far as their need for attention and engagement goes, they are relatively quiet and enjoy being focused and challenged. Caring for your dogs teeth is also important in order to prevent dental disease. Pointing is not in character with the Boykin's hunting style, but many confuse the inherent characteristic of a "hesitant flush" with pointing. Train your Boykin Spaniel puppy to cooperate with grooming. Thus, the Boykin Spaniel was born. ", A fully-grown Boykin Spaniel usually stands 14-18 inches tall at the shoulder and weighs between 25-40 pounds. Movement is effortless with good reach and strong drive. Common coat colors in the Boykin Spaniel are chocolate, brown, and liver. Lets dig into the specifics. But, its not to be overlooked for folks seeking a spirited and fun companion. The Boykin Spaniel tends to be a great fit for field events, rally, tracking, agility, obedience trials, and more. They also have the stamina to play and romp for hours, making them the perfect pet of choice for adventurers and playful pet parents! Deep in the heart of South Carolina, native birds run rampant in swamps, lakes, and other natural bodies of water. Shih tzus are small dogs with a long history. Weight 20-45 pounds. Because they are a bird dog, they do have a high prey drive. Here are a few more things you should know about your Boykin spaniel puppy. Coat length & texture Textured, flat, and smooth, feeling silky to the touch. This is a medium sized dog, so you may not want them on your bed. Screening for the presence of the gene which causes EIC is done by simple DNA sample collection and analysis. We understand caring for a new puppy of any breed can be overwhelming. The Boykin Spaniels origin story is like a local legend from the small town of Boykin, South Carolina. Early ancestors of the breed are thought to be the Chesapeake Bay Retriever, English Springer Spaniel, Cocker Spaniel and the American Water Spaniel. Thanks to their easily trainable nature, Boykin Spaniels can become great family dogs that learn the rules of the house quickly. Boykin Spaniels also require standard grooming to maintain their soft, medium-length coats. After the dog showed some aptitude for retrieving, White sent the dog called "Dumpy" to his longtime friend and hunting partner Whit Boykin. Cookies collect information about your preferences and your devices and are used to make the site work as you expect it to, to understand how you interact with the site, and to show advertisements that are targeted to your interests. By talking to the breeder about the genetic history of the parents and asking to see any health clearances, you can help allay concerns you have about potential health issues. Based in Montana, Nicole is an avid hunter and angler. Today this little brown retriever can be found on hunts and in homes across America. This breed is alert, but they are so friendly that they dont make a good watchdog. The Boykin Spaniel is a highly adaptable dog breed. Responsible breeders will have medical evaluations performed before breeding their dogs to reduce the risk of passing diseases on to puppies. Boykin Spaniels are known for being easy to train, which is one of many reasons they've become popular family dogs. As long as your Boykin is next to you enjoying an activity . Medium length, straight to moderately curly. Temperament - The Boykin Spaniel is friendly, a willing worker, intelligent and easy to train. The Boykin Spaniel will do okay in an apartment if it is adequately exercised. This dog became the foundation of todays Boykin Spaniel. Interested to see what Dumpy was capable of, White sent him to train with Whit Boykin, both the town's founder and an avid dog trainer. This dog became the foundation stock for the Boykin spaniel. No dog is truly hypoallergenic, and the Boykin Spaniel is definitely not a lower-shedding choice. TOP 10 interesting facts about the Boykin Spaniel, an energetic, friendly and affectionate dog breed.SUBSCRIBE NOW: Links to Rocadog's. 1 September, 1984 is Boykin Spaniel Day in . As always, please consider consulting your vet for personalized diet recommendations and quantity amounts for your Boykin. It truly is a versatile hunter from the field to the water. They are medium sized dogs, and can suit a variety of different environments as long as their exercise needs are met. But, if youre looking for a goofy, active pal to escort you on hunting adventures of all kinds, this is certainly a breed to consider. A few bloodlines throw shorter, straight coats much like a Labrador Retriever. The coat is flat to moderately curly with medium length, fine hair with light feathering acceptable on the legs, feet, ears, chest, and belly. A loyal companion with an affectionate temperament, Boykin Spaniels are a great choice for active families with children. The breed first originated in South Carolina, where it is still commonly used as a hunting dog. A year later, the Boykin Spaniel Foundation did another 180-dog random sample for degenerative myelopathy, another inheritable disease which causes adult dogs to develop gradual, fatal deterioration of the spinal cord and results in death when the afflicted dogs are middle aged. Thanks for visiting our Boykin Spaniel page! They love children and are extremely patient, making them an ideal choice for large families or pawrents with multiple pets." And have an obvious strong bond with their owner. Their coat is always a shade of chocolate brown, ranging from a brighter liver to a very dark brown. It is the state dog of South Carolina, where it was discovered and further developed by hunters in the 1900s. This can be problematic for a family, but this can be taken care of if you train them and give them time to get used to their new surroundings. Personally, a Boykins size, temperament, and hunting prowess fit nicely into my lifestyle. These affable dogs are easily identifiable by their luscious brown locks and honey-gold eyes, and their webbed toes make them excellent swimming partners. When it comes to exercise, however, this breed needs an owner with plenty of time to dedicate to its wellbeing. Some individuals have a topknot like a Llewellin Setter. Boykin, Swamp Poodle, LBD (Little Brown Dog). The Boykin Spaniel is a medium-sized breed, standing anywhere from 14 to 20 inches at the shoulder. If you arent a very active person you may need to consider a different breed. The Brittany Spaniel originated in France sometime between the 17th and 19th centuries. Boykin spaniels are incredibly playful and love to connect with their owners. The breed also has a susceptibility toward inherited heart disease, eye disease and patellar luxation. They genuinely enjoy the company of people and are not too wary compared to other similar breeds. In early 2010, exercise-induced collapse was positively identified in this breed by the University of Minnesotas Veterinary Diagnostics Laboratory. Despite his unfortunate name, Dumpy excelled at water retrieval and flushing out game, and he fit right in with Whites other pedigreed bird dogs. Golden retrievers are one of the most popular dog breeds worldwide. Due to unethical breeding practices we recommend staying away from puppy mills. Boykin spaniel: Dog breed characteristics & care, Everything we create is factually accurate and biased toward science, The best toothpaste for dogs, according to vets, White specks in dog poop: Heres what to do. Buyers should be aware of the size and weight in the puppy's pedigree before choosing a breeder if size is a factor in their choice of dog. This little pooch befriended a banker walking from his home to the First Presbyterian Church in Spartanburg, South Carolina around 1900. If you like to hunt everything avian, dont count the Boykin spaniel out. While Boykins are now popular across the country, their origin was commemorated by being named the South Carolina state dog in the 1980s. Leaving this dog alone for too long can lead to destructive behaviors, such as barking, digging, and more. Females will usually be smaller and lighter than males. Once you bring your furry friend home, youll want to set up an appointment for your first trip to the vet, and schedule your dogs vaccinations. If the dog is allowed to lead the walk, they will likely believe themselves to be in charge. The Boykin Spaniel is a bird dog and gundog bred to work long days in the field. If you want, you can have a professional groomer clip the coat as needed for neatness. The Boykin Spaniel was first bred by South Carolina hunters during the 1900's to provide the ideal dog for hunting ducks and wild turkeys in the Wateree River Swamp. Adult Boykin spaniels stand 14-18 inches tall and usually tip the scales between 30-40 pounds, placing them between the English cocker and English springer spaniels in terms of size. Here are some of our readers most popular and frequently asked questions about this relatively new breed. With high intelligence and an eagerness to please, Boykin Spaniels tend to pick up quickly on training and are generally a good fit for owners of any experience level. Most puppies can be found between $700 and $1,200. They typically do well with other dogs and pets like cats (especially when socialized from a young age). The jaws are long and strong. In the 1980s, the Boykin spaniel was named the official dog of South Carolina and in 2009, the breed was named one of the American Kennel Club's, "All . Boykin Spaniels. Make sure to work out any dirt from their fur, especially if they are exercising in water and mud. The Boykin Spaniel was a gundog with an upbeat personality, eagerness to work, versatility, and more. Moderate Shedding: The coat sheds moderately, but regular brushing will help keep dead hair off your furniture, floors and clothing. Ready to see what dogs fit you best? After the dog showed interest in retrieving, he took the dog called Dumpy to his friend and hunting partner Lemuel Whitaker Boykin near Camden, South Carolina. Average weight is between 25 to 40 pounds (11 to 18 kilograms). A Boykin Spaniel generally lives 10-15 years. On the other hand, if an owner is willing to put in the time to develop a dog, you cant ask for a more engaged student. But, they are the official dog breed of South Carolina! How fast can a Boykin Spaniel run? Cavalier King Charles Spaniel. As you already know, theyre incredibly smart almost humanlike in their ability to perceive others and the world around them. The Boykin Spaniel is a highly regarded pet and hunting dog. These dogs should eat two meals per day. Not quite sure that a Boykin spaniel is right for you? A Boykin Spaniel generally lives 10-15 years. Choose a high quality dog food to keep your Boykin healthy. The American Kennel Club fully-recognized the Boykin Spaniel in 2009 as a member of the Sporting Group. In 1977, the Boykin Spaniel Society was formed by the Boykin family and began maintaining a studbook in 1979. We estimate this will run you between $1,000-$2,000 on average. Their eyes are engaging and bright. Getting on the right path to raising your puppy can be difficult and tricky, but it doesnt have to be. AKC actively advocates for responsible dog ownership and is dedicated to advancing dog sports. From that mix arose a tough, funny, happy little creature they called the Boykin spaniel. The dog apparently displayed some hunting aptitude so Mr. White sent the dog to be trained by his hunting partner, Mr. L. Whitaker Boykin of the Boykin community just outside of Camden, South Carolina. Just enter your email address and click submit! With this training, the little stray developed into a superb turkey dog and waterfowl retriever. In addition to their quartering and flushing capabilities on land, the Boykin is an exceptional swimmer. A hunting trainer named Whit Boykin took the dog on and created a foundational hunting line through cross-breeding Chesapeake Bay retrievers, English cocker spaniels, and Irish water spaniels. We do not condone any puppy mills and strive to bring you only the best, well-loved puppies. While they can be demanding as far as their need for attention and engagement goes, they are relatively quiet and enjoy being focused and challenged. Need a way to make wash day less of a to-do? You can train your Boykin from the time theyre a puppy to be happy alone, but even with this training, theyll be happiest when theyre with you. The Boykin Spaniel is the only dog that was originally bred for South Carolina hunters by South Carolinians. Boykins are solid-colored, appearing in chocolate, liver, and brown shades, occasionally with a splash of white on their chests. Read more, The American Kennel Club's most popular dog is also the top sporting breed in the country. Taking an extra hour or so a day to give your Boykin uninterrupted together time can go a long way toward their socialization and bonding. },{ And shortly after, in 2009, the breed gained full AKC recognition. You can also try frequent verbal positive reinforcement, and extra cuddle time after training sessions to help your Boykin transition to a slower state of mind. Bred for their ability to flush out game animals and retrieve them, the Boykin spaniel has an excellent nose, swimming ability, and is an easy breed to train. The hesitant flush allows the shooter to place themselves for the shot before the flush. The Boykin is only slightly bigger than the English Cocker Spaniel but is heavier through the body width. Personality: Friendly, eager, lovable Energy Level: Regular Exercise Good with Children: Good With Children Good with other Dogs: Good With Other Dogs Shedding: Moderate Grooming: Weekly Trainability: 4 Height: 15.5-18 inches (male), 14-16.5 inches (female) Weight: 30-40 pounds (male), 25-35 pounds (female) Life Expectancy: 10-15 years Barking Level: Occasional This breed is only one of two US-made breeds named after the families that created them. Learn more about how Purina and Petfinder are making a difference together. The Boykin Spaniel is a medium-sized spaniel that originated in the United States and is sometimes affectionately referred to as a Swamp Poodle. They also only need to be bathed occasionally as needed. }] While not overly fond of strangers, your Boykin spaniel may appear to be friendlier than your average pup. Elbow dysplasia, Cushing's disease and hypothyroidism are known in the breed. They may need to be groomed or treated for fleas if they havent been already. September 1st is known as Boykin Spaniel Day in the area. 2023 With a little research, you can find the perfect fit to join your family! "name": "Do Boykin spaniels shed a lot? Born of the American South, this packable, cocoa-colored pup is a waterfowlers dream and an uplanders best friend, all in one. Monthly nail trimming is usually sufficient. The Boykin spaniel is generally a healthy breed. For more of the Turtledogs check out Golden Retrievers. Older children who love to play with dogs will get along quite well with the Boykin Spaniel. If you're planning to adopt a puppy, ensure the breeder you choose willingly provides the medical history of the litter's parents. They will find ways to entertain themselves if not provided by their owner and can be very destructive when bored or when their primal instinct to walk has not been fulfilled. They are extremely friendly and can usually discern a threat from a friendly stranger. Another good step is to have a good training schedule. Eyes are engaging and bright. It is the state dog of South Carolina, where it was discovered and further developed by hunters in the 1900s. In addition to coat care, you also need to take care of your dogs nails, ears, and teeth. [5] This breed is only one of two US-made breeds named for the family responsible for their creation. Crate training also needs to begin early. If you want to be added to the list, leave a comment below. This isnt a great breed for families that spend a lot of time away from their dog. For many years, Boykin spaniels were a well-kept secret and largely confined to the little town of Boykin. Their look rivals that of a working cocker spaniel, but they tend to be bigger, rangier, and more robust through their body. The Boykin Spaniel is a medium-sized sporting dog breed native to South Carolina with floppy ears, a sturdy body, and liver brown fur on its wavy, waterproof double coat. Those who have small children or other animals as a part of their pack will appreciate the kind-hearted and affectionate nature of Boykin spaniels. Puppies may not show much variation from adult breed members. Boykin was so impressed that he started a cross-breeding program with Dumpy and a range of other Spaniels, including Cocker Spaniels, English Springer Spaniels, and American Water Spaniels. The male breed is 16-18 in tall and the female is 14-17 in tall. They respond very well to reward based training. Here are a few to get you started: Boykin spaniels are loyal companion pups that are willing to go just about anywhere with their pack and pet parents. If so, look into getting them a dog bed that fits them just right. The Boykin Spaniel tends to be a great fit for field events, rally, tracking, agility, obedience trials, and more. Thats why many Boykin owners find success with a once-monthly bathing routine that keeps their dogs clean without stripping the fur of any moisturizing surface oils. All rights reserved. For decades, Boykin Spaniels remained relegated to Boykin itself, where they were celebrated for their boundless energy and enthusiasm, their sweet and friendly nature, and their affinity for hunting and retrieving.

Talisker Whisky Atlantic Challenge Death, Done Right Remodeling La Crosse, Wi, Threeworlds Dragon Staff, Wharton Undergraduate Finance And Technology Group, Articles B